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Macro-economy news

ES-economy
May 25, 2022

The market revises its scenario on the Fed and the ECB

This is at least what seems to indicate the very clear rise in the EUR/USD exchange rate to over 1.07. We already mentioned it yesterday: the 2-year rate spread is tightening and this is probably the main driver of this rise. If we look closely at the evolution of interest rate…
ES-economy
May 24, 2022

Strong rise in the EUR/USD exchange rate

It seems that as soon as Mrs Lagarde speaks, the euro rises. This was the case yesterday and it is happening again this morning after an interview with Bloomberg. The EUR/USD exchange rate rose from 1.0550 to over 1.07. What did she say? That the ECB would probably raise its key…
ES-economy
May 23, 2022

Oil stable: no major news changes traders’ views

Mixed news from China: Covid cases in Beijing are back to a record high… at 99. The number seems ridiculously low, but the trend is worrying, especially in the context of the “zero cases” policy. But on the other hand, the President seemed to open the door to at least…
ES-economy
May 20, 2022

Lower credit rates in China

The yo-yoing continues on the markets: after a new decline in the equity markets yesterday and a sharp drop in long term rates (10 years US at 2.86% this morning), the trend was strongly reversed in Asia after Chinese banks lowered by 15bp the 5-year credit rate from 4.6% to 4.45%.…
ES-economy
May 19, 2022

Violent downward correction of the equity markets

US equity markets lost around 4% yesterday. The trend remained very negative in Asia, especially since Sri Lanka defaulted on its debt, which clearly raises the question of possible contagion to other low-income emerging countries, hit by both the downward pressure exerted by the Fed’s monetary tightening on their currencies and by…
ES-economy
May 18, 2022

Sharp rise in interest rates and fall in the US dollar

Almost all the activity indicators published yesterday surprised on the upside, which supported risky assets and caused a sharp decline in the US dollar, in the wake, let us recall, of good news from China. But they also reinforced expectations of monetary tightening and led to a rise in bond…
ES-economy
May 17, 2022

Markets anticipate the recovery of activity in China

Three days without a new case of Covid in Shanghai. According to the rules established by the local authorities, this should open the way to a gradual lifting of the restrictive measures imposed for weeks and thus to a resumption of activity. As we suspected yesterday, the markets were not…
ES-economy
May 13, 2022

Industrial activity plunged in March in the euro area

Financial markets were still dominated by pessimism yesterday, as evidenced by the sharp rise in the US dollar, with the exchange rate against the euro plunging to 1.0354, close to the January 2017 low. The trend seems to have reversed with a new interview with the Fed Chairman. It seems to be…
ES-economy
May 12, 2022

US inflation slows less than expected, reinforcing recession fears

The US inflation rate did fall in April, but only from 8.5% to 8.3%. The core inflation rate fell from 6.5% to 6.2%. In detail, the sharp acceleration in many service prices, aerospace prices and rents shows that the Fed will not be able to rely on this decline in inflation…
ES-economy
May 11, 2022

Has peak inflation been reached in the US?

Growth concerns continue to drive the markets: after a strong rebound, the US equity indices almost all ended lower yesterday, but a final surge saw the S&P and Nasdaq rise slightly, but not the Dow Jones. The US 10-year yield fell back below 3% and the USD strengthened a little,…
ES-economy
May 10, 2022

The decline in equity markets continues

The equity markets fell sharply again yesterday, particularly US technology stocks (Nasdaq), which dropped another 4.3%. They are down 10% since the Fed’s decision to raise its key rate by 50bp last week (see the last Macro & Oil Weekly Report) and 26% since the beginning of the year. Futures turned around…
ES-economy
May 9, 2022

Markets still driven by stagflation fears

The April US jobs report was good with 428k new jobs and a slight slowdown in wages, but this did not stop long rates from continuing to rise (US 10y at 3.13%) and equities from falling, with the US indices recording their 5th consecutive weekly decline, something that has not happened for 11…
ES-economy
May 6, 2022

Violent relapse of the equity markets

Yesterday we stressed how fragile we thought the very positive reaction of the US equity markets to the Fed’s 50bp rate hike was in the current context. It did not take long for the correction to occur, and it was extremely violent, with the Nasdaq in particular falling by 5%. Long-term…
ES-economy
May 5, 2022

The risk of stagflation is more relevant than ever

The reaction of the markets to the Fed’s announcements yesterday says a lot about the extreme nature of their expectations: the Fed increased its Fed funds rate by 50bp and its chairman announced that it would most probably repeat this operation in June and then in July, knowing that it…
ES-economy
May 4, 2022

Fed day

Unemployment data released for the Euro Area yesterday showed a continuous improvement of the job market with a new record low at 6.8% in March 2022 (see chart), compared to 6.9% in February 2022. This could provide further upward pressure on wages on the back of another surge in Euro zone producer prices…
ES-economy
May 3, 2022

US 10-year treasury rate hits the 3% mark

The yield on the US 10-year treasury bond hit the 3% mark for the first time since late 2018 ahead of the Fed meeting planned today and tomorrow to raise interest rates further (probably by 50 basis points) to combat soaring inflation and slowing growth. In the UK, the BoE is also…
ES-economy
May 2, 2022

More clouds on the growth horizon

Concerns over the ongoing economic slowdown are growing among financial markets. In the US, the Nasdaq index plunged on Friday by more than 4% on the back of concerns about rising interest rates and softer business updates from tech giants (notably Amazon). It finally recorded its sharpest monthly drop since October 2008 in…
ES-economy
April 29, 2022

Growth falters

Surprising contraction of the US GDP in Q1 (-1.4% qoq annualised): as expected, inventories contributed negatively to growth, as did public spending, but it was above all foreign trade that weighed on growth, with a very sharp rise in imports (+17.7%) and a decline in exports (-5.9%). But the core of…
ES-economy
April 28, 2022

USD is stronger, many economic reports incoming

EUR continued to fall against USD yesterday, and reached 1.0501 a 5-year low. After a brief rebound the pair is again trading lower this morning. This results from the looming recession in Europe due to the war in Ukraine and from the hawkish policy the Fed is planning to follow.…
ES-economy
April 27, 2022

Euro at 5-year low against USD

1.0616 at the time of writing, possibly lower by the time of publication. The EUR/USD exchange rate has sunk below its 2020 lows. You have to go back to 2017 to find a lower level. The 2 main reasons are known: 1) the rise of risk aversion which resulted in a violent downward correction…
ES-economy
April 26, 2022

China entangled in the management of the pandemic

The People Bank of China promises to support the Chinese economy through a variety of measures, including easing credit conditions for small businesses, lowering the reserve ratio for banks’ foreign currency holdings, or ending regulatory action against technology companies. But lower rates are hampered by the need to clean up the housing sector…
ES-economy
April 22, 2022

Fed’s chairman cements an aggressive monetary tightening

Jay Powell, the US central bank head, declared at a panel hosted by the IMF yesterday that a 50 basis points interest rate hike was on the table of the next Fed meeting early May, confirming the shift in tone among Fed’s governors over the past few weeks towards a more aggressive…
ES-economy
April 21, 2022

No clear direction for financial markets

The markets are hesitant, with no clear direction. The EUR/USD exchange rate has risen sharply to 1.09 after statements by ECB members raising the possibility of a rate hike as early as July and the possibility of positive rates before the end of the year, which would imply 3 rate hikes of…
ES-economy
April 20, 2022

Sharp downward revision of the IMF economic growth forecast

The International Monetary Fund cut its global growth forecast yesterday to 3.6% in 2022 and 2023, down from an estimated 6.1% in 2021. This is 0.8 and 0.2 percentage points lower for 2022 and 2023 than projected in January, with a deep recession in Russia and a significant slowdown in…
ES-economy
April 19, 2022

China’s Q1-22 GDP beat expectations but the global outlook remains bleak

Ukrainian President Zelensky declared that the widely awaited Russian offensive in the Donbass region started yesterday after most Russian troops and artillery moved from the west of Ukraine late March. This could continue to weigh on the global economic outlook and support a strengthening of EU sanctions against Russia, with a ban…
ES-economy
April 15, 2022

Unchanged monetary policy in Europe

No significant development to extract from the ECB meeting held yesterday as its bond buying program is expected to end on the third quarter while the institution did not deliver a precise schedule for an interest rate hike. “Any adjustments to the key ECB interest rates will take place some time after…
ES-economy
April 14, 2022

Easing monetary policy in sight in China

The release of the US CPI figures showed a further acceleration in the inflation rate in March 2022 at 8.5% yoy, which was the largest year-on-year gain since December 1981. Surging gasoline prices were the main contributor of this sharp increase, but food and services also made strong contributions. A 50…
ES-economy
April 12, 2022

US inflation rate hit a new 40-year high

The release of the US CPI figures showed a further acceleration in the inflation rate in March 2022 at 8.5% yoy, which was the largest year-on-year gain since December 1981. Surging gasoline prices were the main contributor of this sharp increase, but food and services also made strong contributions. A 50…
ES-economy
April 11, 2022

Macron-Le Pen in French presidential run-off as expected

Results of the first round of the French presidential election led to the expected duel between President Macron and the far-right candidate Marine Le Pen. First run-off polls show that President Macron could win a second mandate on April 24 but with a much tighter margin compared to five years ago and…
ES-economy
April 8, 2022

Markets heading for the French presidential election

We are currently facing an IT issue. Our team is working on it. We apologize for the inconvenience. Financial markets continued to digest the massive Fed’s balance sheet reduction expected from next month on Thursday, with the US 10-year bond rate increasing further to 2.66% this morning. Global equity markets are…
ES-economy
April 7, 2022

Massive Fed balance sheet reduction in sight

The FOMC Meeting Minutes unveiled details over a significant balance sheet reduction set to start as soon as next month with bond sales up to $95bn per month to cool the hottest inflation in four decades. The market impact was relatively limited as the US 10-y treasury yield briefly jumped to…
ES-economy
April 6, 2022

US Fed ready to take “stronger” actions to bring inflation down

The widely awaited intervention of Lael Brainard, member of the Fed’s Board of Governors, gave clear indications on the acceleration of the monetary tightening expected in the coming months to bring inflation down in the US (where it reached 7.9% yoy in Feb-22). A series of higher-than-expected interest rate hikes (up…
ES-economy
April 5, 2022

Global stocks shrug off potential escalation of sanctions

Threats of new economic sanctions against Russia over its action in Ukraine were offset by an increase in tech stocks on Monday on reports that Elon Musk bought a 9% share in Twitter. Bond yields shed some of their recent increment with Germany’s 10-y Bund down to 0.52% yesterday from…
ES-economy
April 4, 2022

Interest rates surge after US jobs report

2-year yields rose by 10bps in the US after the release of a report showing 431k new jobs created in March and a sharp rebound in hourly wages to +5.6% yoy. Yields on longer maturity Treasuries are also rising, but at a much slower pace, resulting in an inversion of the…
ES-economy
April 1, 2022

Inflation is expected around 7% in the euro area

The equity markets have been on the decline for the past two days. Confidence in a quick peace in Ukraine has frankly and logically declined. The vagueness surrounding the payment of Russian gas sales to European countries also raises the threat of an interruption of flows, even if no one really…
ES-economy
March 31, 2022

Decline of activity in China

The price of Brent 1st-nearby, which had risen to almost $115/b yesterday, has since fallen back below $110/b, after even falling below $108/b. Yesterday’s rebound was due to a decline in optimism about the possibility of a ceasefire in Ukraine. Three factors contributed to the decline. First, the news that the Biden Administration…
ES-economy
March 30, 2022

Hopes for peace but what about sanctions?

Markets reacted strongly yesterday to Russia’s announcement of a significant reduction in military activity in the Kiev region. Many saw this as confirmation of progress in the negotiations and hopes of a ceasefire or even a lasting peace were boosted. European equity markets have now fully recovered their losses since the…
ES-economy
March 29, 2022

So much uncertainty

Negotiations resume in Turkey between Ukrainian and Russian representatives with a view to reaching a ceasefire. The Ukrainian counter-offensive on the ground suggests that the balance of power may be shifting, but caution is needed. Similarly, it is difficult to assess the economic consequences of the anti-Covid restrictive measures in China. The…
ES-economy
March 28, 2022

US bond market sends signals of recession

The markets are now assuming the equivalent of almost 9 25bp rate hikes by the Fed by the end of the year, i.e. out of the 6 remaining meetings, 3 would see the Fed raise rates by 50bp. The extraordinary (because it really is an extreme scenario from a historical…
ES-economy
March 25, 2022

Delivery times are on the rise again in Europe

March PMIs generally came out better than expected, particularly in the US where they were up sharply in both manufacturing and services. This probably helped (in addition to a specific rebound in technology stocks) to support a further rise in US equity markets as well as the decline in weekly jobless…
ES-economy
March 24, 2022

Confidence bends but does not break

Fed members are making more and more statements in favour of a strong and accelerated tightening of monetary policy. The market is pricing in 87% for a 50bp increase in the Fed funds rate in May. At that time, the Fed could also announce the pace at which it will reduce…
ES-economy
March 23, 2022

Rising bond yields still do not shake market confidence

Who could have predicted such a phenomenon? Bond yields continue to rise sharply: the US 10-year has reached 2.4%. The 2-year rate is already at 2.2%, an increase of 200bp over the last 6 months and 150bp since the beginning of the year! The euro zone is not left behind, even…
ES-economy
March 22, 2022

Dr. Powell & Mr. Volcker

Is the Fed Chairman, who announced a radical transformation of the central bank’s missions in the summer of 2020 aimed at prioritising the objective of full employment over inflation control, becoming the Paul Volcker of the 21st century, the one who will wage a merciless battle against inflation, as in the…
ES-economy
March 21, 2022

On the edge

Many equity markets have just recorded their best week since 2020 with gains of around 6%. The “fear index”, the VIX, has fallen back below the level it was at before the start of the Russian offensive in Ukraine, long rates are at their highest levels for nearly 3 years in…
ES-economy
March 18, 2022

Clouds are gathering again

The equity market rally has continued in the US, but has already started to stall in Europe. The first reason is that the rebound was very strong (over 10% for the Eurostoxx 50, 6% for the S&P 500). The second reason is that optimism about the peace talks in Ukraine has…
ES-economy
March 17, 2022

Markets welcome Fed rate hike

The decision was expected: the Fed raised its Fed funds rate by 25bp. It will also soon start draining liquidity from the market. It has significantly revised down its growth forecasts and even more revised up its inflation forecasts. The Fed members also validate the markets’ very aggressive rate forecasts, i.e.…
ES-economy
March 16, 2022

FED day

Stagflationary risks continued to cloud the European economic horizon on Tuesday with growing concerns over the impact of a potential ECB monetary policy tightening on the EU GDP growth. The ZEW index, which measures investor expectations for the German economy, plunged from 54.3 in February to minus 39.3 in March, close…
ES-economy
March 10, 2022

Dead cat bounce rather than turning point

Yesterday, equity markets rebounded in a way that reminds us of the volatility of the spring of 2020, with the main European indices rising by 7 to 8% and the US by 2 to 4%. This burst of optimism seemed to come mainly from 3 factors: statements by a Russian…
ES-economy
March 9, 2022

Sanctions against Russia tightened

The Biden administration has announced a ban on fossil fuel imports from Russia: oil, gas, coal. The British government has taken the same decision concerning oil only. The EU cannot for the moment follow suit. For Russia, these sanctions concern about 10% of oil exports, but the EU’s share is…

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